Verde Heritage By Glenda Farley, Cottonwood, AZ Local historian Glenda Farley guides us on a journey back in time to discover fascinating moments that make up our Verde heritage and history.
Monday, June 10, 2013
1921: JEROME; More Than 100 Mexicans Return to Mexico, June 11.
"MORE THAN A HUNDRED MEXICANS LEAVE FOR HOMELAND."
"On Saturday morning, 95 adult Mexican residents of the camp and 35 children, took the train for Phoenix en route to Mexico, under the escort of Adolfo T. Pecina, personal representative of President Alvaro Obregon and who has been active in arranging the details of the return to their homeland of the Mexican families in the Verde district who wished to leave owing to the depressed condition of the copper industry and the consequent scarcity of employment."
"The United Verde and the United Verde Extension copper companies took an active part in making the arrangements for the repatriation of the families who left on Saturday, paying all the expenses for their former employees as far as Phoenix and one half the expenses of those who had not been in the employ of either company."
"PRESIDENTS MESSAGE: A telegram from President Obregon was received by Special Agent Pecina shortly before the departure of the train, directing him to make public expression on behalf of the Mexican president of the latter's appreciation of the good spirit shown by the companies in taking this action. He said:"
"'There is little for me to add to what President Obregon says in his telegram but I would like to say that every head of a family that is leaving this morning for Mexico leaves Jerome with the kindest feeling towards the companies that have made their departure possible and, I may add, with the kindest feeling toward Jerome and the United States in general. Many of them hope to return when the copper situation clears up, but I imagine that the majority will remain in Mexico where abundant opportunities exist, now that law and order has been restored and civil rights are respected and enforced.'"
"'Every man and woman in the party recognizes fully that the suspension of activity in the copper camps of the state has been forced upon the operating companies and that lack of employment is something that the companies could do nothing to avoid --- it is simply one of the accidents of world conditions following the war for which nobody is to blame and which nobody can help.'"
"'I speak officially for President Obregon when I say that the Mexican government feels deeply and kindly the action taken by the companies in assisting in the return to Mexico of the families which are leaving.'"
"PROGRAM OF PARTY: Mr. Pecina stated that he would accompany the party as far as Phoenix at which point the travelers would be turned over to the Mexican consul who would arrange the details of their transportation to their final destinations in Mexico. From Phoenix the party will go directly to El Paso where the Mexican officials will provide them with transportation and sufficient money to cover their necessities until they arrive at their new homes."
"PRELIMINARY ARRANGEMENTS: The departure of the party was arranged at several meetings held at the Liberty theater and the officers of the Salvation Army rendered invaluable service to Agent Pecina in perfecting the details of the removal. He asked the Verde Copper News to make public expression of his gratitude to Adjutant Askin and the other members of the Army for their kindly interest in the matter."