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home : blogsold : verde heritage May 26, 2016

Verde Heritage
By Glenda Farley, Cottonwood, AZ
Local historian Glenda Farley guides us on a journey back in time to discover fascinating moments that make up our Verde heritage and history.
Saturday, April 6, 2013

1873: PEACE AT LAST; April 6.

Verde Heritage

"Having just returned from the Verde, where we saw Gen. Crook's small, but victorious army of whites and loyal Indians, and where we witnessed the unconditional submission and surrender of two of the worst bands of Apaches that have heretofore murdered and robbed our citizens and desolated this portion of our afflicted Territory, we can and do, with unspeakable pleasure, joy, and gratitude, proclaim our steadfast belief that Crook has, at last, conquered the hostile Indians of Arizona; that Peace is inaugurated, and that civilization has triumphed over barbarism, terrorism and all other flagrantly vile isms!"

"It was Sunday, April 6, 1873, at Camp Verde, that the key stone was set in Crook's arch of peace, to the great joy and gratitude of all who witnessed this crowning act of glory in the career of the conquerer of more than twenty tribes of Indians, whose homes stretch from far off Green River to our own Gila. Yes, Sunday, the blessed Sabbath, was the auspicious day; and, as the 'better the day, the better the deed,' we believe that this peace will be lasting; more lasting than peace which any canting miscalled 'peace' commissioner has ever made, or ever can make."

"HOW IT WAS BROUGHT ABOUT: It is known to most all Arizonians and to citizens of the other Territories and States who take an interest in the affairs of this Territory, and who have read recent accounts of the brilliant successes of our gallant defenders --- the soldiers --- over a foe that first conquered this Territory from its peaceful and industrious owners; then for over 200 years, defied the power of Spain and Mexico, and, for upwards of twenty years, that of our own great country."

"THE COUNCIL commenced about 9:30, a. m. when 'ground was broken' by 'Mr. Cracky,' a Mohave Indian, who has settled among and gained some influence with the Apache-Mohave Indians of the Verde region. No nice presents (purchased by Government) had Crook to bestow upon the assembled savages as had the fraud Colyer and the weak Howard, but, out of his own pocket had he purchased a few articles of consumption, and with his own hands did he divide it among the Apaches, who very eagerly clutched the proffered favors."

"Cigarritos were lighted by the Indians, and everything being in readiness the General, through Cracky, as interpreter, informed the Apache-Mohaves, that for several days past, he had been waiting to see a sufficient number of them present themselves and inform him of their desires. They, through their chief, said their greatest desire was for peace."

"Just as these words were uttered, there was observed, on the east bank of the Verde river, a long line of hoodlum Apaches, coming at a rapid rate, toward the post. There was a lull in the proceedings, and, in a short time, Shuzler Pan, followed by about 150 Apache-Tonto men, women and children, confronted the members of the council and lookers on. The destroying 'angels' relieved themselves of their weapons and sat down in Council; the women laid down their loads of food and babies, and took back seats, not far from their Apache-Mohave sisters. General Crook said if they came to make another fraudulent peace, he did not care to aid them in doing so. Up spoke 'Shuzler Pan,' war-chief of the real Apaches and Apache-Tontos present. He was ripe for real, true, permanent peace. The General's American and Apache soldiers had disturbed his mind for many moons past. His warriors had been unable to dodge them; they had penetrated sections of country where soldiers had never before dreamed of going. Copper cartridges had played havoc among his band; he and they were almost dead on their feet from continual watching and fasting; hundreds of Apaches had paid the penalties of their lives, and as himself and brother survivors were not willing to lie with them in the last ditch, he first thanked the General, then God, for holding forth the olive and permitting them to come in under the whitest rag in the band."

"Another chief then took the floor and came down handsomely with promises the fairest and best."

"It was then Crook's turn. He pointed to his 'boys in blue,' --- Americans and Apaches --- who, under Major Brown and other valiant hardship-enduring officers, had chased and licked Mr. Apache into this melting mood. Set forth how they could have killed more erring red brethern had he wished them to do so; how, being mercifully inclined, the great Father at Washington, his soldiers and citizens, concluded to give the Apaches one more chance to act as human beings and not as fiends."

"To this, Shuzler Pan answered, in a quiet manner, that he was quite willing to be reconstructed; not from any great desire he had to change his former mode of life, but through fear and trembling of those terrible soldiers who had penetrated his country and drove himself and Indians out of the fastness that had never before been reached by an enemy. God, he further said, had made the Indians bad at heart, for which God was to blame; but now, that Crook had forced them into this, to them, a humiliating situation, they were willing to accept it, and to do as Crook should advise, for, said Mr. Schuzle Pan, you (Crook) appear to have power to undo the evils under which God has forced us to live. Irreverent remarks, to be sure, and not at all flattering to the Great Spirit."

"So ended the weighty talk of the conference. After it General Crook informed them that they must immediately induce all outside barbarians (hostile Indians then in the mountains) to come upon the reservation, or they would be killed. Shuzler Pan and the other chiefs promised to do so without delay, and asked for passes to protect the runners from soldiers and citizens while doing so. The passes were promised. Del-chaye, a very bad chief, and his Indians, who were around the Four Peaks, were eager to eat Government crow, and upon being informed of this fact, the General informed the chiefs that peace, food and friendship awaited Delshaye and his ragamuffins. And, said he, your agent, Dr. Williams, will do his best to help you along on the reservation, where you must start at once, in the business of cultivating the soil, so that, should the people who pay taxes for your support, grow tired of doing so, you will be able to provide for yourselves."

"Again, there are bad whites, but they will not be permitted to trouble you; the law will prevent them from doing so; you, too, must prepare yourselves for self-government, by putting down the unruly among you; must raise horses, cattle and other useful animals, to the end that you may become possessed of property, rights of citizenship, etc. This language tickled the barbarians, and pleased the whites."

"Crook then drew a contrast between the condition of the happy, hilarious and well fed Apache soldiers and that of the crow-bait reds who had just come in; thanked the former for the good sevice they had performed, advised them to take care of the money they had earned; to buy mares and cows with it, and finally concluded by reminding them that they should set a good example to such of their brethern as had not yet cast aside all hatred of the whites, and prejudices against civilization."

"After this, the vanquished Apaches went up the river, to the old post, where their hunger was appeased. The General mustered his officers around him, and in the presence of Dr. Williams, Indian agent for the Verde resevation, gave his views in relation to the way in which they should treat all Indians on and off the resevations. That these views were sound and to the point, not one person who is at all acquainted with General Crook, will, for one moment, doubt. They pleased Dr. Williams, of the Indian Department; also, all military officers who heard them expressed. They were to treat the Indians as human beings; to make them no promises which could not be fulfilled; to maintain order among them; to instruct them in their simple duties to their God, the government and its citizens; and to prove to them that peace was better than war."

"Before taking leave of this treaty and its side issues, we will repeat the belief once before expressed, that, it will prove a permanent treaty." ...

(The Weekly Arizona Miner; Prescott; April 12, 1873; page 2.)

Reader Comments

Posted: Thursday, April 11, 2013
Article comment by: M J

Re: And one more for you M J
WOW .... what a come back ...... woooo hoooooooo ........ ya got me now!!!!!!!
When one points out a grammar mistake ..... wellllllllll ...... I guess one has run out of ideas .........
☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺

Posted: Wednesday, April 10, 2013
Article comment by: And one more for you M J

You're so cute. LOL "There" can't take me anywhere. "There" is a place, not people.


My best to all of you over and out.

Posted: Wednesday, April 10, 2013
Article comment by: M J

Re: pardon me
When I read your last post addressed to slater slater and myself ..... I .... I .... I heard the twilight zone theme song on the wind, as it slowly blew thru the Verde Valley ...... there coming to take you away ..... ho ho, there coming to take you away ... ha ha .....

Posted: Wednesday, April 10, 2013
Article comment by: So ridiculous...

...to engage you at all in this way the editor is very kind and indulgent if he prints this, and I'll promise to refrain from dignifying remarks like yours with a response from now on...........but, um, NO, Slater. I am the very farthest imaginable from being an atheist.

I do my best to live the Law of Love, the true teachings that Yeshua the Christ and his divine partner, Mary Magdalene, came to teach us all...and that have been hopelessly perverted by so many "religions"...

And that's all I'll have to say.

Posted: Wednesday, April 10, 2013
Article comment by: Slater Slater

Spoken like true Atheist.

Posted: Wednesday, April 10, 2013
Article comment by: M. J and Slater Slater

M J: Actually survival of the fittest is the universal law for the animal world. And even they show more compassion to human beings than human beings do, when humans hallucinate that survival of the fittest mentality to apply to our realm as well. So many of that type around here, including yourself it seems. Only place that's universal for humans is in the mindsets of yourself and your ilk.

Slater Slater: None of the wars should ever have happened -- not one of them. And yes, that goes back to the original cause in each case, the true details and history of which are not known to ANYone but a very few, and which will never come to light in the public eye. Not a proveable fact, because those who orchestrate these things ensure the facts are never known. But I know. And no, that doesn't mean I elevate myself to some superior position in any way I just know how to do dogged, relentless research. Anyone else inclined could choose to do the same, and would find the same results.

And don't delude yourself, Slater -- not everyone who's solidly against war and violence drinks Starbucks or (how silly!) sells snakeoil or has any desire for a soapbox. And the book that IS my cup of tea is not yet written. It's the one that finally busts all delusions that rationalize violence -- especially those sourcing from so-called "religion"...

Peace be with you too, Slater, if you can fathom what that really means.

Posted: Tuesday, April 9, 2013
Article comment by: Slater Slater

War is Hell.Which one did you support?Oh
you were liberating and enlightening the planet.
Drink another Starbucks latte and get the soapbox out and sell your snake oil.Peace will
come when your eyes close for the last time.
Somewhere it is written.But that book isn't
your cup of tea.Only the good parts.Peace be with you so we'll let the warriors uphold your
end.Just pass the ammunition.

Posted: Tuesday, April 9, 2013
Article comment by: M J

Re: pardon me
"survival of the fittest" is the universal law ... you do know that don't you?

Posted: Tuesday, April 9, 2013
Article comment by: Pardon me...

...while I run to the bathroom and throw up.

The fact that we came to be here only because of massive inhumane cruelty and genocide is NOT something to be celebrated, no matter HOW efficient the reporting of said atrocity is.

And NO, the fact that most of this country was acquired by Europeans via that same genocide of its original, indigenous peoples isn't to be celebrated, either.

And NO, words like "Well, you wouldn't even have been BORN if all that hadn't happened!" carries no weight with me, either.

If this info is to be presented, in my humble opinion it should be done with ample acknowledgment of how horrific the means were, by which we came to be here -- how we brought our own prejudices and savage violence to bear against them, decimating THEIR civilization.

But then...this IS the Verde Valley, isn't it -- where that "survival of the fittest" or, to be more accurate, "survival of those with the least respect for other human beings" prevails, so what else could we expect?

Posted: Tuesday, April 9, 2013
Article comment by: Bill Cowan

You are doing a great job of shining the light on this under appreciated segment of the history of Central Arizona and the Verde Valley. Unfortunately, Williams would be hounded into an insane asylum, The Indians would be shipped to San Carlos in a death march and Crook would be shipped out just a little over two short years from the day the Indians surrendered and the promises to the land were made.

Wonderful reporting on these events and Thank You for all your work!

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